Brief information about Uzbekistan
Time: GMT + 5:00
Country Code: +998
Speaking languages: Uzbek, Russian, Tajik, Karakalpak
Unit of money: Sum
Population: 30.3 million
Ethnic Groups: 80% Uzbek, 5% Tajik, 5% Russian and 7% others.
Uzbekistan, which main tourist centers such as Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva, entered to the UNESCO World Heritage List, has much to show to the world.
Besides, it gives us pleasure to say that the peoples of Uzbekistan
have enriched the heritage of humanity not only with the architectural monuments.
The List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, compiled under the UNESCO
program “Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage” includes:
• Traditional complicated chant “Kattaashula” (“Big Singing”);
• A bright festival of the vernal equinox “Navruz”;
• Ancient beautiful music “Shashmaqom”;
• Cultural unique ethnographic Boysun region, Surkhandarya.
By a twist of fate, Uzbekistan, isolated by mountains and deserts from seas and oceans, was located at the very crossroads of world civilizations, world religions, cultural traditions and culinary preferences. Absorbing the best, enriching the spiritual world, every citizen of the country easily speaks two, three or more languages (Uzbek, Karakalpak, Farsi, Kazakh, Russian) and read Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam in the original. Everyone considers himself a connoisseur of Uzbek, Uighur, Korean and Russian cuisine. Any man can easily cook pilaf for thousand guests. OK, every man can cook pilaf for ten people, that’s for sure. Each local builder knows how to build an earthquake-proof house of clay of particular mix
Over a thousand years, until the discovery of the sea route to India, the goods from East to West were transported along the Great Silk Road.
So the people of Uzbekistan are so much genetically gifted as merchants and traders: they absorbed the skills of the Greeks and the Jews, Moors and Chinese. Uzbekistan absorbed much in all fields of industry. It gave much to the world too: thinkers and mathematicians, theologians and astronomers, generals and rulers, poets and healers, Grand Masters and football referee.
Many actions and habits of the locals, committed on the level of instincts were developed not even in childhood; they are in the genetic memory. To take a piece of bread fallen on the ground and put it aside. The first bowl of nosey tea is served to guests. The first sip of water in the heat to be given to the youngest. Seat the guest on the place of honor in the house, at a maximum distance from the front door, for the host could protect him from the enemy suddenly bursting in. A manner of cut melon or make a “scoop” of watermelon.A sprig of sweet basil behind the ear of a dignified man and a young beautiful girl in the summer heat. All this is thousands of beads that make up a mosaic of the amazingly beautiful ancient and eternally young country - Uzbekistan, which while preserving its uniqueness, is updating its look, building roads and bridges, factories and houses, laying pipes and melting metal.
This is the country which you must visit at least once in your life, to have something to tell your grandchildren.
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